New warnings against laying artificial nails

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New warnings against laying artificial nails

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The installation of false nails is a practice that is not without complications, recalls the National Academy of Pharmacy. The installation and especially the removal of the artificial nail can promote allergies and infections, risks already mentioned by the national agency for the safety of medicines and health products last year. 


New warnings against laying artificial nails

Tattooing, piercing, permanent makeup, teeth whitening, false nails, permanent hair removal ... so many practices classified by the National Academy of Pharmacy as " decorations of the human body ". The latter is not without risk to health, they are subject to very strict regulations, as in the case of "smile bars"  which allow the whitening of the external surface of the teeth.

Indeed,  the products used in these bars falling under the regulation of cosmetic products, they must not exceed 0.1% of hydrogen peroxide, against 6% of hydrogen peroxide for the lightening products used by surgeons -dentists. Another example is that of tattoo products, including those used for permanent makeup, which is subject to specific regulations in the Public Health Code.

However, certain tattoo products being intended for "temporary tattooing", they, therefore, come under the regulation of cosmetic products and certain henna-based products do not comply with these regulations, causing accidents every summer. But when it comes to the installation of false nails, widely popularized by personalities of show biz,  the experts of the National Academy of Pharmacy indicate that for customers, this practice is only the subject of "recommendations without binding. "

Risks depending on the techniques and products used

These include waiting 16 years and not being pregnant or be part of the nursing staff to wear it. However, since the appearance of artificial nails, several side effects have been reported. Some clients have presented a bacterial infection,  contact dermatitis manifested by eczema, sometimes very painful paraesthesia (tingling in the extremities) or even nail damage due to sanding before installation or necessary for a removal for UV gels.

As part of the semi-permanent varnish which requires exposure to UV to harden, burns and photosensitization have been noted."These side effects are large because of improper technique or the use of products that do not suit European regulations. In addition, there are a wide variety of UV lamps and exposure to a defective or poorly configured lamp cannot be ruled out. "say experts from the Academy.

Consequently, the latter recommend considering several actions, such as the obligation to obtain a professional qualification certificate (CQP) to exercise this profession. Consumers should be better informed about the risks of these techniques, the importance of choosing the salon or technician and the dangers of using kits sold on the Internet.

Do-It-Yourself Practice

The latter should also be better protected during performances which require the passage of the hands under a UV lamp, with lines or gloves without fingers. UV lamps which should also be checked very regularly. Over a year ago, it was the ANSM  that alerted them to the risks and precautions to be taken in this area.

According to his point of information, if the installation of the false nail poses few problems, it is especially the duration and the deposit which can be sources of inconvenience,  for the natural nails and the fabrics around the nails. First recommendation: the installation and removal of the false nail must be done by a professional.

The nails are immersed either during a solvent, most frequently acetone when using resin, or are filed off when using the gel. Scraping or tearing off the artificial nail -Even can indeed cause a detachment of the natural nail . ", she explained. Local inflammation, loss of the natural nail, and possibly even paraesthesia may occur if the artificial nail is placed beyond the limit of the natural nail or cuticles.

Finally, allergies to gel, glue or resin are possible (they manifest as eczema around the nails or on the face), as is an infection of the natural nail under the prosthesis. In addition to the situations in which the installation of artificial nails is not recommended (under 16 years old, pregnant woman, nail disease, nursing staff), the agency gives some advice to limit all these risks.

Before laying, it is recommended that clients wash their hands and brush their nails carefully, and prefer short artificial nails to avoid damage to the natural nail bed. After removal by a professional, it is best to keep a period of one month before installing false nails.  Finally, in all these cases of anomalies detected, it is recommended to have them removed quickly and to consult a dermatologist or a treating physician.

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